Study 22 February 2024

Never Say Never: Learning Lessons from Afghanistan Reviews

Looking at the most substantive reviews conducted to date on the international intervention in Afghanistan, are there signs that different actors have jointly learned from it?

By Tina Blohm, Philipp Rotmann, Florian Weigand

ENSURED: Shaping Multilateralism for a World in Transition

The international order seems to be in crisis. How can the EU defend and transform global governance to make it more robust, effective and democratic?

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The Future Is Now

Two years after Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, Germany’s policy toward Kyiv still lacks clear positive goals. The time for critical decisions is now – and this should encourage Berlin to act with urgency.


Verteidigungskampf der Ukraine: Was heißt Sieg?

Die Ukraine kämpft seit Jahren gegen Russland, doch Europa wird immer kriegsmüder. Für die Regierung in Kiew heißt das: Sie muss notgedrungen Ziele neu benennen.

Evaluation report

The Contribution of Prevention Work to ICRC Protection of Civilians Engagement

Strengthening the synergies between prevention and protection activities should be an important objective for reform at the ICRC, this evaluation found. What are the obstacles in the way?

By Julia Steets, Ed Scheinkenberg, Valentine Hambye-Verbrugghen

Whose Bright Idea Was That?

How do think tankers know if they are making a difference? The short answer: most don’t. We propose a framework that can help think tanks better assess and perhaps even improve their work.

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How Democracy Promoters Can Respond to Populist Protests

When populist protest movements gain traction, external democracy backers usually look to contain the groups organizing the protests. But the Brazilian experience suggests that there are other approaches worth considering.


Deutsche Israel-Politik: Die Unvernunft der Staatsräson

Das Beschwören von Israels Sicherheit als deutscher Staatsräson wird der Komplexität in der Nahost-Krise nicht gerecht. Die Bundesregierung riskiert ihre Glaubwürdigkeit.


Close the Gap: How to Leverage Local Analysis for Stabilization and Peacebuilding

Without a granular understanding of the political dynamics at work in places where violence occurs, even the best-intentioned stabilization efforts may go wrong. Local analysis can help, but using it requires sustained investment.


Germany Shows Why Europe Cannot Rely on Business-Led De-Risking

Private sector engagement is critical for European economic security, but Germany’s approach makes it clear that concerted public-private initiatives are also needed.

Policy brief

The Power and Limits of Data for Peace

To strengthen its ability to predict violent conflict, the EU should add innovative approaches to its foresight toolbox. Then it must bridge the gap between early warning and preventive action.


Why Humanitarians Should Tell a More Hopeful Story

Today’s crises are urgent. So is the climate emergency. But for its long-term credibility and sustainability, the humanitarian sector should set aside hyperbole and take a closer look at the data.